Bloodstone mine
It is extremely rare for bloodstone cinnabar (mercury sulfide) to penetrate into kaolinite to form a natural gem in which the two are integrated and symbiotic.
The composition of chicken blood is mercury sulfide stone, which is the hardness of ground stone or kaolinite-3-degree stone often has mercury spots, and a small amount of Shi Ying particles protrude on the surface of the stone. In addition to mercury sulfide, chicken blood also contains a small amount of chromogenic elements such as iron and titanium, which are dark dyes. The main reason for its content is that chicken blood is different in red, and the blood color is dark red. In addition, chicken blood also contains different photosensitive elements such as selenium and tellurium, which is also the main reason why chicken blood fades or discolors (appears dark red) when exposed to light and baked.
be distributed
Changhua bloodstone origin Yuyanshan mine in Xixiang, Lin ‘an County, Zhejiang Province is distributed in Kangshanling area.
At the beginning, the bloodstone was exposed to the surface of the rock. The ancients exposed the surface of the rock according to the principle of thermal expansion and cold contraction. After the stone was heated, the cold stream poured water to split the stone, and then it was easy to shovel the bloodstone. This mining method had few cracks, but before the bloodstone was mined, it was likely to turn black or dark, and the output was very small. This mining method continued until the end of the Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Republic of China. Based on the surface outcrop, the bloodstone was exhausted, and the explosives were used to explode the eyes, and then the digging was carried out by hand or machine.
A bloody stone is called bloodstone, but a bloodless stone is called Chang fossil.
To comment on bloodstone, first of all, look at the "blood" red, which is fresh, condensed, thick and fresh, and red as dripping blood; Coagulators gather but do not disperse; Thick refers to those who have layers of thickness and penetrate deep into the stone layer. In addition, the bloodstone is also an important basis for judging the bloodstone. What kind of stones are dyed in red? The bloodstone with pure and semi-transparent nails and bright red colors complement each other. The bloodstone can be divided into squares, rectangles, ellipses, circles and malformations. The size is about 5-cm, and the edge is suitable.
The bloodstone is fine in texture and tough in structure, and it won’t collapse when it is cut.
It is most appropriate for a good bloodstone not to be carved as a seal. It can be said that it is not expensive to cover up the defects with carved bloodstone.
Pseudo method
Due to the high quality and high price of bloodstone, there are many methods to fake bloodstone.
Mosaic method
Choose a good texture Chang fossil stamp, dig holes with different depths in several striking places, and then embed red mercuric sulfide paint into it and polish the wax after it is naturally dried in the shade. However, this embedding of chicken blood (mercuric sulfide) has no hierarchy, and the color at the junction of Xuechang fossil is stiff and there is no transition.
infusion process
Take a square fossil and coat it with mercury sulfide to dry it in the shade, then coat it in the shade to make the blood slightly layered, and then soak it in resin to soak the whole body until it is picked up and dried, and then fine water and sand are polished. The fake bloodstone made by this method will yellow the skin for a long time because the resin is easy to age, and the stone color is not harmonious. At the same time, the pores of the resin epidermis are relatively thick, and the magnifying glass carefully observes that the surface is a little tiny and rubbing.
Slice sticking method
The cutting machine cuts the six planes of the stone seal into six planes as thin as paper respectively, and applies mercury sulfide to the required places, and then blanchs them after drying. Then, the original six slices are pasted back as they are, and then the line corners of the glued parts of the slices are polished, so that the blood-red looks like a raw stone seal and naturally distributes, but after all, the blood level can stay in one plane. This kind of stone seal can not be confined to a square or rectangular stone seal. Because of the round and deformed stone seal method, the hot sticking marks of the slices are exposed.
Tonifying method
This is made of real bloodstone, then added with mercury sulfide and polished with a layer of extremely thin resin. This kind of method is that blood plus blood suspicion is a great increase in the value of brocade and flowers, and at the same time, there are fakes and fakes in the truth. When observing particularly good bloodstone, we must pay attention to and associate with the fake technique to avoid the consequences of "carelessness in Jingzhou"
At present, the most famous bloodstone is named changhua bloodstone and bahrain bloodstone bloodstone, which are generally divided into four categories according to texture: frozen bloodstone, soft bloodstone, soft steel bloodstone and hard steel bloodstone. It enjoys the reputation of "Queen of Yin Shi" alongside Shoushan Tianhuang and has made great contributions to the development of Chinese Indian culture.
Cultural connotation
Bloodstone is named after the bright red Cinnabar (cinnabar) in the stone. The bloodstone in Yuyanshan, Changhua, Zhejiang Province originated in the early generation and flourished in Qianlong period of Qing Dynasty. It has a history of more than 6 years. Bloodstone is beautiful, crystal clear and rare, and has always been known as "Queen of Stone", "Princess Yin Shi" and "Queen of Zhangshi".
In September 1997, when China and China established diplomatic relations, Premier Zhou Enlai presented a pair of bloodstone medals from the Palace Museum to Japanese Prime Minister tanaka kakuei on behalf of the Japanese government. This incident caused great repercussions in Japan, Southeast Asia, China, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and set off a wave of buying, collecting and viewing bloodstone.
Bloodstone is a wonderful ornamental stone. The appreciation and evaluation of modern bloodstone is mainly restricted by intuitive factors, psychological factors and value factors. In the past, the owner of Zhangshi has different opinions. There are many different appreciation angles and evaluation methods. Generally, the evaluation of bloodstone is based on its color, texture, pattern, size (weight) and defects. The color of bloodstone is varied, such as red, bright red, light red and dark red. Crimson and other generally bright red is also a factor of evaluation. Some people think that red means that the seal has blood on six sides, while four sides are red, and the opposite side is red again and again. The bloodstone is commonly known as "Dahongpao", and some people think that "the stone red has no other color to set off the contrast, but the red looks dull and does not stand out. As the saying goes,’ Peony needs green leaves to support although it is good’"
Maintenance method of editing section
Chicken blood stone should be kept away from the sun or light for a long time, and the value of chicken blood is reduced because the red part is dark. Usually, it should be rubbed or soaked in well-lubricated oil, such as jade, to isolate the stone gas, reduce the possibility of stone cracking caused by temperature difference change, and increase the stone’s warmth. In addition, avoid collision and fall.
If the bloodstone is properly played and rubbed, it can make the quality of the "old stone" which is called "old light" or "treasure light" more pleasing, and the truth is exactly the same as that of the rock jade. However, if Yin Shi or sculpture is engraved with thin meaning, it should be avoided to destroy the sculptor and make it unrecognizable.
For unmarked stones or rough stones, you may wish to rub more; Unmarked stones have the advantages of less damage. It’s fun to play with stones and raise them at the same time. It’s hard to enter the country without personal experience!
1, seal and keeping a cool place in a brocade box aft wax sealing and polishing; If it is collected for a long time, it can also seal the wax without polishing, leaving a thin layer of wax on the surface, which can keep the luster and color of the stone unchanged.
Second, the bloodstone should not be exposed to sunlight or placed in strong light for a long time and avoid being placed in a high temperature environment for a long time. The blood color of the bloodstone becomes purple, dark or light because of the exposure of mercury in the sunlight and the easy loss in the high temperature environment.
3. Oil maintenance is a widely adopted maintenance method in recent years. It is made by rubbing a layer of white tea oil or white wax oil to make the oil on the stone surface more crystal clear, cleaner and fresher. For example, after rubbing the oil, it can be sealed in a brocade box, which can be wrapped with a layer of ordinary insurance film.
Four, room ornaments, stone play, etc. should be regularly wiped, such as the display time and contaminated with dust, dirt can be gently wiped clean with a soft thick cloth or flannel, and then a thin layer of oil can be brushed with a fine brush to restore luster.
Five, some small ornaments, stone play, decoration, it is best to play with your hands often, or you can rub your face to make the stone surface adhere to a very thin layer of oil, which is more quaint and elegant for years.
Six, carrying Yin Shi, carving and wearing decorations should avoid external impact, scratching and wear, and should also avoid chemical contact deterioration.
Seven, the origin of unpolished or unsealed raw stone and immersion royal salt mixed with water can also achieve satisfactory results.